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Henschel Type 33

 

 

 

 

 

In the course of the first program for motorising the Reichswehr from 1926, development of three-axled cross-country lorries with a payload of 3 tons was demanded besides others. Three companies were involved in the development: Büssing, Henschel and Krupp. The first Henschel model - the Henschel type 33 B 1 - was delivered in 1928. The civilian version of this model had single tyres on all axles and disc rims. The vehicles delivered to the Reichswehr had spoke rims with three spokes and dual tyres on the rear axles. In relation, a three-axle omnibus chassis was also developed in 1928 - the Henschel type 34 D 3. In 1929, the Henschel type 33 D 1 with the stronger D engine entered serial production. The Reichswehr procured only small numbers of this type. Compared to the Henschel type 33 B 1, the Henschel type 33 D 1 had a longer engine bonnet. Beginning in 1933, the Henschel type 33 D 2 was manufactured in small numbers. This version had a lengthened wheelbase and a payload of 4-5 tons. Most probably, this was only a civilian model. Typical for these early models was the fact, that the two rear axles were propelled by separate cardan shafts.
A widely improved version of the Henschel type 33 D 1 was manufactured beginning in 1934. The rear axles were now propelled by only one cardan shaft with an additional short cardan shaft between the rear axles. The wheelbase betwee the first and second axle was increased from 3400 to 3750 mm. The performance characteristics were not changed by these improvements. Simplex rims with six spokes were introduced with this model, too. Beginning in 1937, the Henschel type 33 G 1 propelled by a diesel engine was made besides the Henschel type 33 D 1. Both models were manufactured until 1943. Furthermore, the Henschel type 33 FA 1 was manufactured from 1936 to 1942. This chassis was exclusively used for the production of Tankspritze 2,5 (Kfz. 343). It was propelled by the stronger Henschel type F engine with a power of 120 HP.
Magirus had to manufacture the Henschel type 33 G 1 under license beginning in 1937. The Magirus type 33 G 1 was manufactured from 1937 to 1941. This model had a 100 HP diesel engine. This engine had a Henschel crankcase and Deutz cylinders, cans and pistons. Therefore, this engines had the same connections like the Henschel type G diesel engine. From 1939 to 1941, the Magirus type 33 H was made. This model was propelled by a 125 HP Deutz diesel engine. No additional data about the Magirus type 33 H could be found. Probably, this chassis with the stronger engine was used for the Tankspritze 2,5 (Kfz. 343).
The Henschel type 33 was chosen as a first standard type by the Wehrmacht. At least, 11,234 vehicles of the subtypes D 1, G 1 and FA 1 were made from 1934 to 1943 (there could be some more because the available chassis number list has some gaps). Until 1934, about 400 vehicles were made. Magirus manufactured 3,870 vehicles from 1937 to 1941. No other manufacturer in this vehicle class reached such high production figures. Therefore, many different special variants of the Henschel type 33 can be found.
Overall, the Henschel type 33 was a sturdy and solid development. Later, the insufficient cross-country mobility caused by the dual rear tyres and the small payload of 3 tons compared to the deadweight was criticised. In fairness it must be said, that the famous American 2.5 ton lorries from GMC and Studebaker had also dual tyres on the rear axles and a payload less than the half of the deadweight. In addition, not all of these vehicles had all wheel drive. Compared to these American opponents, the 13 year older development Henschel type 33 performs absolutely positive.

 

 

 

 

 

Production model:

Year of construction:

Engine:

Capacity (ccm):

Power (HP):

Wheelbase (mm):

Quantity:

 

 

Henschel Type 33 B 1

1928-1935

Henschel Type B, Otto

7188

65

3400 + 1100

few 100

 

 

Henschel Type 33 D1

1929-1933

Henschel Type D, Otto

10782

100

3400 + 1100

few

 

 

Henschel Type 33 D 2

1933

Henschel Type D, Otto

10782

100

5000 + 1200

few

 

 

Henschel Type 33 D 1

1934-1943

Henschel Type D, Otto

10782

100

3750 + 1100

6,293

 

 

Henschel Type 33 FA 1

1936-1942

Henschel Type F, Otto

11781

120

3750 + 1100

592

 

 

Henschel Type 33 G 1

1937-1943

Henschel Type G, Diesel

9123

100

3750 + 1100

4,349

 

 

Magirus Type 33 G 1

1937-1941

Deutz F 6 M 516 H, Diesel

9123

100

3750 + 1100

together
3,870

 

 

Magirus Type 33 H

1939-1941

Deutz F 6 M 516, Diesel

9123

125

3750 + 1100

 

 

 

 

 

Versions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Designation of the motor vehicle:

Abbreviated designation:

 

 

mittlerer geländegängiger Lastkraftwagen, offen (o)

m. gl. Lkw. off. (o)

 

 

Feldfernkabelkraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw., off. (o)]

Ff. Kabel-Kw.

 

 

Fernsprech-Baukraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw., off. (o)]

Fsp. Bau. Kw.

 

 

schwerer Fernsprechkraftwagen {m. gl. Lkw., off. (o)]

s. Fsp. Kw.

 

 

mittlerer Flakkraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw. (o)]

m. Flak Kw.

 

 

mittlerer Lastkraftwagen für Feldfernkabel [m. gl. Lkw., off. (o)]

m. Lkw. f. FF-Kabel

 

 

Lastkraftwagen für Fernsprechbau [m. gl. Lkw., off. (o)]

Lkw. f. Fsp. Bau

 

 

Lichtmessgerätekraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw. (o)]

Lichtm. Ger. Kw.

 

 

Pionierkraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw. (o)]

Pi. Kw.

 

 

Pionierkraftwagen I [m. gl. Lkw. (o)]

Pi. Kw. I

 

 

mittlerer Scheinwerferkraftwagen [m. gl. Lkw. (o)]

m. Scheinw. Kw.

 

 

Druckereikraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Druck. Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Fernschreibkraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fernschr. Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Fernschreib-WT-Kraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fernschr. WT Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Fernsprechbetriebskraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fsp. Betr. Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Funkbetriebskraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fu. Betr. Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Funkhorchkraftwagen a (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fu. Horch Kw. a (Kfz. 72)

 

 

Funkkraftwagen a und b (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Fu. Kw. a & b (kfz. 72)

 

 

Wetterkraftwagen (Kfz. 72) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Wett. Kw. (Kfz. 72)

 

 

schwerer Vermessungstruppkraftwagen (Kfz. 73) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

s. Verm. Tr. Kw. (Kfz. 73)

 

 

Triebwerkkraftwagen (Kfz. 75) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Triebw. Kw. (Kfz. 75)

 

 

Werkstattkraftwagen (Kfz. 79) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Werkst. Kw. (Kfz. 79)

 

 

Mannschafts-Entgiftungskraftwagen (Kfz. 92, 92b, 92/1) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Mannsch. Eg. Kw. (Kfz. 92, 92b, 92/1)

 

 

Bekleidungs-Entgiftungskraftwagen (Kfz. 93, 93/1, 93/2, 93/3) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Bkl. Eg. Kw. (Kfz. 93, 93/1, 93/2, 93/3)

 

 

Wasserkraftwagen (Kfz. 94) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Wasserkw. (Kfz. 94)

 

 

Kammerkraftwagen (Kfz. 95) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Kammerkw. (Kfz. 95)

 

 

Tankspritze (Kfz. 343) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Ts. 2,5 (Kfz. 343)

 

 

Landebahnleuchtkraftwagen (Kfz. 353) mit Fahrgestell des m. gl. Lkw. (o)

Ldb. Leu. Kw. (Kfz. 353)

 

 

Miscellaneous versions

 

 

 

 

 

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